1)Which of the following statements about theory is false?
A) Theory is multifaceted, complex, and dynamic.
B) There is one widely accepted definition of what theory is and is not.
C) Theory falls into two broad categories—commonsense and scientific.
D) The overarching goal of theory is to explain phenomenon.
2)Which of the following is most likely not a commonsense theory?
A) The other students in your class have more free time because they study less than you do.
B) All of your professors are involved in a plot to overthrow the president of your university.
C) You haven’t heard from your sister lately because she is busy studying for her final exams.
D) The number of hours spent studying for exams, a student’s willingness to ask questions, and completion of course homework are directly related final grade.
3)Which of the following is not one of the three main goals of scientific theory?
A) Separation of theory from practice
B) Description of a phenomenon being studied
C) Prediction about future relationships
D) Explanation that “makes sense” of observed events
4)Which of the following analogies most accurately defines scientific theory?
A) Scientific theory definitively describes practice in much the same way that a dictionary definitively describes the meanings of different words.
B) Scientific theory components are combined in different ways to produce different theories in much the same way that beads are strung together in different ways to produce different necklaces.
C) Scientific theory represents only the thought-based aspects of a discipline (rather than the action-based aspects) in much the same way that a flag represents the physical entity of a country (rather than its individual people).
D) Scientific theory components are specific to only one particular theory in much the same way that a key is specific to one particular lock.
5)Which of the following questions would be least appropriate to ask if you were interested in examining health promotion from a scientific theory perspective as opposed to another type of perspective?
A) What influences health behavior among older adults?
B) Why is education level associated with certain outcomes?
C) What is the ultimate end of health promotion?
D) Do attitudes lead to behavior change among adolescents?