For this weekâ€™s assignment, analyze an expert from The Milagro Beanfield War. The narrative is steeped in race relations, but they are effected or affected by land and water disputes that are based in the historical treaty of Guadalupe Hidalgo of 1848, which ended the Mexican-American War. However, the war, itself, was less ideological than geographical and economical. The Treaty annexed a larger portion of what we think of the Southwest: Texas, New Mexico, Nevada, Arizona, etc. Thus, it was a type of political land grab, rather than a war against a sworn enemy. In fact, the dispute arose from Mexican and American disagreements about land boundaries and resources. To obtain the full territory and avoid further conflict, the United States quickly struck a deal that would (at least on paper) guarantee area Mexican residences the rights they had prior to the treaty. The National Archives describes the following terms:
The United States paid Mexico $15,000,000 “in consideration of the extension acquired by the boundaries of the United States” (see Article XII of the treaty) and agreed to pay American citizens debts owed to them by the Mexican government (see Article XV). Other provisions included protection of property and civil rights of Mexican nationals living within the new boundaries of the United States (see Articles VIII and IX), the arbitration of future disputes between the two countries (see Article XXI). (â€œNational Archivesâ€ para. 4)
However, such promises were fleeting at best and completely untrue on a cultural and social levelâ€”i.e. the â€œlawâ€ may have given former Mexican Nationals such privileges and protections, but they were not enforced by the regional, territorial, or federal government. Instead, rampage abuse of the people and land ensued without checks or balances. As critic and historian Donathan Olliff describes, the provisions of the treaty have frequently been interpreted and applied in a fashion that violates both the letter and spirit of the agreement (962). The lasting consequences of such actions are addressed in The Milagro Beanfield War: The narrativeâ€™s conflict is directly linked to the dominantâ€™s appropriation of land and its given resources (water, in this case). Thus, we must understand the oppressed peoplesâ€™ (minority) role as more than simple racism; it is linked to wealth, economics, and livelihoodâ€”i.e. the power structure is supported and maintained by institutionalized racism. The minority is then only useful as another resource (labor) or for exploitation.
Discussion Board Question: Expound on at least one element of racism that is addressed in the piece and explain how such discrimination is either grounded in a larger economic issue and/or used to the advantage of the dominant. For example, you could analyze water, land, culture, capital, etc. Access The Milagro Bean Field War from this link: https://books.google.com/books/about/The_Milagro_Beanfield_War.html?id=WbN_AQAAQBAJ&printsec=frontcover&source=kp_read_button#v=onepage&q&f=false . Support your argument with at least ONE additional scholarly source.
The exerpt is fairly short, but it is based on the longer work of the John Nickelâ€™s novel of the same name. If you enjoy the selection, I suggest picking up a copy and reading it in its entirety. It might be a piece you wish to focus on in your final project. Now that being said, you can explore and analyze the film or the book. It is your choice. We are also going to review art, politics, and more history and literature for the remainder of the course, so there are quite a few options available for the attention of your final project in week eight (8). I am just giving you all a heads-up of what is to come.
Olliff, Donathon C. American Historical Review. 1991, Vol. 96 Issue 3, p962-964. 2p.
â€œNational Archives.â€ Educator Resources, 25 April 2018, https://www.archives.gov/education/lessons/guadalupe-hidalgo. Accessed 15 Nov. 2018
Discussion of the required readings and/or materials is crucial to understanding the historical, social, political, linguistic, and/or philosophical aspects of each piece and how they represent an investment in or critique of culture through mimesis. Thus, in the online modality, students are required to answer weekly discussion board questions in a minimum of 150 words and respond to at least two of their classmates in 75 words each. Initial posts are due by 11:59 on Friday of each work week, and responses to classmates are due by 11:59 on Sunday of each work week. At least one correctly cited scholarly source is required to support studentsâ€™ initial claims each week.
1. Initial Discussion Board posts are due every Friday by midnight. They must meet at least 150 words.
2. Respond to at least TWO classmates every Sunday at midnight. They must meet at least 75 words EACH for a total of 150 words total.
3. Support your claims with at least ONE scholarly source, which means you are required to conduct additional research on the subject matter. The materials already included in the class are primary sources and do NOT count towards this requirement.
4. Cite your quotes and Work Cited in MLA format. If you are unfamiliar with the style’s tenets, there are links to the Purdue OWL in the Coursework file and to the LRC. Both places offer a concise and comprehensive overview of MLA style and format.