realism political theories

realism political theories

The Paper must include the following basic features:

· It lengths should be between 2,000 to 2,500 words;;

· It should be word-processed on A4 format paper;

· It should be 1.5 spaced reader-friendly Time Romans font (12 pt);

· Pages should be numbered;

· It should include a table of content;

· Two to four basic biographical sources/books;

· Parenthetical in-text citations formatted according to APA;

· A list of Works Cited, formatted according to APA. For more information on APA Referencing Style Guide see:

· Headings: Title (bold type), Level 1 (e.g. ‘Introduction’, ‘Previous research’, also bold type), Level 2 (bold and italicized type), Level 3 (italicized type).



Planning the Paper

The paper should be answer to research questions. Therefore, arguing convincingly for your answer is essential when writing it.

The answers given to the paper questions are called claims, assertions or even thesis statements. It is essential to keep in mind that you will make an assertion and provide arguments for it in your paper. For the reader to be convinced that your assertion is correct, the necessary information to support your argument should be presented in a specific order, meaning that you need to structure your paper in a specific way.


1. Introduction

In the introduction you present the paper’s research question and its background, so as to show why it will be interesting to find the answer. What is important is that you should not just assume this but show the readers your reasons at the very start of the assignment.

In the introduction you should also indicate the main points of your line of argumentation. Their nature obviously depends on how you will address the paper’s research question. For instance, this could involve conflicts between various schools of thought or specific researchers, possible objections to different aspects of a theory, various interpretations of a key text or a social phenomenon.

In the introduction you should also hint at your conclusion, the assertion that you argue in favour of in your paper. You can make your assertion clear by starting a sentence with ‘I will therefore assert that…’ or ‘I will argue that…’. Finally, the introduction should set limits on the topic, and indicates the organization of the paper.

2. Main Body

2.1 Background

The purpose of the background description is to provide the basic information that the reader needs to be able to follow and assess your arguments. You should therefore provide an account of key problems, concepts, theories and empirical findings. For example, if you intend to compare and contrast two alternative theories, you need to give an outline of the phenomenon that these theories set out to explain, followed by some relevant basic aspects of how these theories explain this phenomenon.

In your background section you need to include what is relevant for the paper’s research questions and the answers that you will argue for. You should therefore provide an account of previous research that demonstrates why this is relevant to your research question. In other words, the background section is not a review of everything that has been written about the paper topic, but what is directly relevant both to your research questions and assertions. The background section will help emphasize the importance of finding an answer to the research question.



2.2 Discussion

After having introduced the reader to the research questions and the fundamental premises for being able to answer it, you deliberate your way to a conclusion regarding what will be the most reasonable answer to the research question. In doing so, you use the discussion section to provide the line of argumentation for your paper.

The discussion should be dominated by clear points, each of which supports your assertion in a different way. Each such point should have its own section/indent/paragraph, and vice versa: each section should include only one point. For example: If you compare and contrast two theories, you can, for example, argue that one of the theories has the advantage of explaining variations over time more adequately than the other. If so, you should include a section that has the sole purpose of corroborating the claim that one theory explains variation over time better than the other.


3. Conclusion

In the conclusion you can emphasize your findings. You formulate your assertion with more certainty, now that the discussion has shown the reader why this is the most reasonable answer to the research question. If you wish to indicate something about further research and so on, you should keep it brief.

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