write a paper on personal power

Personal Power

This week you learned about power in the workplace.

Write a paper on “Personal Power.”

Address the following in your paper:

  • Describe ways in which you might increase your personal power.
  • How would you:
    • Appeal to a vision or higher purpose?
    • Use rational persuasion?
    • Help people to like you?
    • Rely on the rule of reciprocity?
    • Develop allies?
    • Ask for what you want?

The requirements below must be met for your paper to be accepted and graded:

  • Write 500 words (approximately 3 pages) using Microsoft Word in APA style, see example below.
  • Use font size 12 and 1” margins.
  • Include cover page and reference page.
  • At least 80% of your paper must be original content/writing.
  • No more than 20% of your content/information may come from references.
  • Use at least three references from outside the course material, one reference must be from EBSCOhost. Text book, lectures, and other materials in the course may be used, but are not counted toward the three reference requirement.
  • Cite all reference material (data, dates, graphs, quotes, paraphrased words, values, etc.) in the paper and list on a reference page in APA style.

References must come from sources such as, scholarly journals found in EBSCOhost, CNN, online newspapers such as, The Wall Street Journal, government websites, etc. Sources such as, Wikis, Yahoo Answers, eHow, blogs, etc. are not acceptable for academic writing.

COURSE NOTES:

This week’s theory looked at how leaders use power and political processes to influence others and get things done.

Four types of influential leadership that rely strongly on a leader’s personal characteristics and relationships are transformational, charismatic, coalitional, and Machiavellian-style leadership.

  • Charismatic leaders have an emotional impact on people. They create an atmosphere of change, articulate an idealized vision of the future, inspire faith and hope, and frequently incur personal risks to influence followers.
  • Transformational leaders also create an atmosphere of change, and they inspire followers not just to follow them personally but also to believe in the vision. Transformational leaders inspire followers to go beyond their own self-interest for the good of the whole.
  • Coalitional leadership involves developing a coalition of people who can help influence others to implement the leader’s decisions and achieve the leader’s desired goals. To have broad influence, leaders develop relationships with others, listen to others’ needs and goals, and promote cooperation.
  • Machiavellian-style leadership is based on the belief that leaders must often do tough, even ruthless, things in the spirit of protecting the organization. Machiavellian leaders focus on acquiring individual power more than on collaborating with others.

All leaders use power and politics to influence people and accomplish goals. Power is the ability to influence others to reach desired outcomes. Power can be characterized as either hard power or soft power. Hard power includes legitimate, reward, and coercive power, which are associated with a leader’s formal position of authority.

  • Soft power includes expert and referent power, which are based on the leader’s knowledge, expertise, and personal qualities. Three distinct outcomes may result from the use of power: compliance, resistance, and commitment.
  • The effective use of hard, position power generally leads to follower compliance, whereas the excessive use of position power—particularly coercive power—may result in resistance. The follower response most often generated by personal power is commitment.

Power is acquired, developed, and exercised through political activities. Having a political perspective on the organization is important because leaders need to use politics to accomplish important goals. A political perspective can be combined with other leader frames of reference. Frames of reference influence how the leader interacts with followers, makes decisions, and exercises power. Four leader frames of reference are structural, human resource, political, and symbolic. Leaders typically begin with a structural frame and develop other frames of reference as they mature in their leadership responsibilities and understanding.

Leaders use a wide variety of influence tactics, but they fall within some broad categories based on general principles for asserting influence. Six principles for asserting leader influence are appeal to a higher vision, rational persuasion, liking and friendliness, reciprocity, developing allies, and direct appeal. One important consideration for leaders is how to use power and politics ethically and responsibly. Ethical leaders use power to serve the organization’s goals, respect the rights of individuals and groups, and strive to be fair in their dealings with others.

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